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What to Expect from Dry Cleaning

Dry cleaning is a technological process where the garment is treated with special organic solvents. Dry-cleaning is usually used for leather garments.

Quality of leather

The quality of a leather garment depends first on the quality of the skin. This quality is the result of the habits of Growers, Slaughterhouses, Tanneries and Manufacturers:

  • Growers: conditions under which animals live, including feeding habits and food types, air and water quality can affect the quality of the skins. Skins may be damaged by scarring from trees and fences, insect bites, fighting and therefore sorted out and rejected.
  • Slaughterhouses: conditions of slaughtering and methods of skinning are important.
  • Tanneries: how the skins are split, the quality of the dyes, and the stretching of skins all matter. Tanneries use various methods to cover up imperfections that may have occurred from the above.
  • Manufacturers: In general, the more expensive the garment, the higher quality the skin used to produce it. Unfortunately, even buying a good name brand is not a guarantee of garment quality. Fashion trends may compel a manufacturer to combine different materials such as leather, polyurethane, silk and viscose that require different types of cleaning. A manufacturer may use incompatible threads that shrink or detailing such as elastic that may expand with cleaning. They may use glues that are not solvent resistant that dissolve and run during cleaning. Unfortunately, many garments are not properly tested for appropriate dry cleaning methods prior to labeling.
  • The cleaners and the consumer are in a very similar situation in that hidden defects listed above many become more pronounced by the cleaning process and can not be detected prior to cleaning.

Expectations After Cleaning

  • Colour:be prepared to see a slight variance in the depth of color after cleaning. In manufacturing, the tanner immerse the skin in a dye bath to obtain a uniform color, but skins from various parts of the animal may vary in colorfastness. The dyes used should also be solvent resistant to ensure colorfastness. The dry cleaner can correct some color variance, but must rely on spray dyeing, which will not dye the suede or leather to the same degree as the original immersion process.
  • Loss of oils:during tanning, leathers are impregnated with oils to keep them flexible and supple. Some of these oils are lost in cleaning, and although we have special additives to restore suppleness, there could be some changes in the feel of the garment. Imperfections in the skin are often apparent after cleaning.
  • Scar tissue and vein marks:these imperfections in the animal’s skin are masked by the manufacturer with fillers before dyeing. These fillers disappear after cleaning revealing the imperfections.
  • Wrinkles:skins taken from the loose neck or belly portions of the animal are naturally wrinkled. During manufacturing the skins are stretched for a smooth appearance. As the skins relax with age and cleaning, the wrinkles reappear.
  • Shrinkage:some shrinkage will likely occur in your garment over time as the skins relax. As you wear a leather garment it tends to conform comfortably to your body. After cleaning, the garment may feel a little snug but after wearing this feeling will dissipate.
  • Thin skins:some skins are extremely thin and too fragile for use in outerwear. These skins will wear exceptionally fast and cleaning will further aggravate the damage of thin skins.
  • Oxidation and sun fading:dyes can oxidize from exposure to light and gases in the atmosphere. This is a slow progressive condition that develops with age. It may become more noticeable after cleaning.
  • Color shading from adhesives:adhesives are sometimes used to glue seams, hems, and other areas during construction of the garments. These glues or adhesives may not be solvent resistant. Sometimes the glues don’t dissolve completely, but leach through the leather and cause shaded areas.
  • Spots:protein spots, such as eggs, blood or milk are very difficult to remove without possible damage to the skin.

Leather coat and other garment buying tips

A leather or suede garment is a major investment, and it is important to choose it carefully and care for it wisely.

In selecting a leather garment:

  • Buy from a reputable store. Keep your receipt!
  • Look for careful matching of colors and textures between portions of the garment.
  • Avoid a snug fit. Hides are stretched during tanning and some relaxation shrinkage can be expected in use and cleaning.
  • Read the care labeling. Beware of purchasing a garment with the following symbols:
    • Warning: Do Not Dryclean
    • Warning: Do Not Wash
  • Some manufacturers label garments this way.. Such garments cannot be cleaned by any method without the consumer or the cleaner taking a risk of damage during the cleaning process.
  • Wear a scarf to protect the collar area from perspiration and body oils.
  • Do not let a leather garment become over soiled. Age sets spots and stains, making them harder to remove.
  • Avoid saddle soaps, cleaning agents and shoe creams.
  • If the garment gets wet, let it air dry away from heat.
  • Store leather garments in a cool, ventilated area. Leather is subject to drying out and to mildew if stored in a hot environment.
  • Do not store in a plastic bag.
  • If staining occurs, take the garment to a professional suede and leather cleaner as soon as possible. Do not try to remove spots at home!

Cleaning Your Leather, what is necessary?

  • Have all matching pieces cleaned at the same time.
  • Point out any stains. Old, set stains cannot always be removed safely.
  • Remove all articles from the pockets.
  • Never remove care labels from your garments.

In our Contrast dry-cleaner you can order a delivery service. We will collect and return your garments at the appointed time and place.

Call us every day on +7(499)350-88-05 (multi-lines) from 8:00 to 21:00

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